### Bulk Density - Measurement | Fact Sheets | soilquality.org.au

Bulk density is the weight of soil in a given volume. Soils with a bulk density higher than 1.6 g/cm3 tend to restrict root growth. Bulk density increases with compaction and tends to increase with depth. Sandy soils are more prone to high bulk density. Bulk density can be used to calculate soil properties per unit area (e.g. kg/ha).

### EARTHWORKS ESTIMATING – THE FUNDAMENTALS

BCM - Bank Cubic Metres CCM – Compacted Cubic Metres LCM: The best way to visualize LCM is to picture soil in the back of a truck or, even better, in the conical stockpile at the end of a stacker conveyor. This is the idealized version of LCM. As we proceed with this discussion, you will

### What are Bulk Earthworks in Construction? Jurovich Perth

by cutting into or excavating an area of ground or by constructing a new area, such as an embankment by adding earth based materials to a certain location When bulk earthworks are taking place, the aim is to reuse as much as possible of the excavated materials to prevent both the costly collection of waste material and the delivery of extra ...

### Swell and Load Factor Calculator - spikevm.com

bank mass density of 4950 lb/yd3. swell factor = 1.67. load factor = 0.599. The increase of volume from bank to loose = 1 * 1.67 = 1.67 cubic yards. The change of mass density for one lb/yd3 from bank to loose = 4950 * 0.599 = 2965 lb/yd3. The volume of the material changes from bank to loose, the total weight of the material from bank to loose ...

### WorkSafeBC

Case 1 (trench or bulk excavation) - maximum slope of excavated face, shown as line AB, in hard and solid soil is 3 horizontal to 4 vertical. Case 2 (trench or bulk excavation), maximum height of vertical portion, shown as line AB is 1.2 metres (4 feet).

### OSHA Technical Manual (OTM) | Occupational Safety and ...

OSHA Instruction TED 01-00-015. The OSHA Technical Manual (OTM) provides technical information about workplace hazards and controls to OSHA's Compliance Safety and Health Officers (CSHOs). This information supports OSHA's enforcement and outreach activities to assure safe and healthful working conditions for working men and women.

### Excavation Cost Estimating Example

Title: Excavation Cost Estimating Example Author: Photios G. Ioannou Subject: CEE 431 Construction Contracting Created Date: 10/28/1999 10:32:08 PM

### Bank measure | Article about bank measure by The Free ...

The World Bank measures global financial inclusion through its triennial Global Findex survey and while the GCC countries included in the latest survey featured relatively highly in terms of overall financial inclusion, on some measures more work needs to be done.

### How do you calculate total bank cubic yards? - Answers

Dec 02, 2008· Bank Cubic Meters - is the net quantity before excavation Loose Cubic Meters - is the gross quantity after excavation which is Bank Quantity + Allowance for bulking. Hope this help QS.

### Week 7 - Part 1- Measuring Excavation Work.pdf - Part 1 ...

Part 1:Measuring Excavation Work • Bid drawings usually provide very little detail about the specific requirements of excavation operations. – The size and depth of foundations may be defined in detail on the drawings. • Typically dimensions and shape of the excavations required to accommodate these constructions are not shown! • Before the estimator can measure the excavation work, an ...

### Bank Cubic Meter Definition: 1 Samples | Law Insider

Bank Cubic Meter. definition. Open Split View. Bank Cubic Meter or " BCM " means a measure of volume of one cubic meter for excavation and payment purposes and is intended to be the volume of the original rock in situ prior to blasting and excavation, as determined by Owner using generally accepted survey methods. Sample 1. Based on 1 documents.

### Pricing Sitework & Excavation

Common Types of Excavation 1. Cut and Fill operations: A. Large projects: dozers, scrapers, rollers, and water trucks, and graders. B. Small projects: grader or bobcat 2. Basement-type Excavation: track backhoe or track loader, and dump trucks

### Practice: 659 - Wetland Enhancement Scenario: #1 - Mineral ...

Excavation, Common Earth, 48 side cast, small equipment Bulk excavation and side casting of common earth with hydraulic excavator with less than 1 CY capacity. Includes equipment and labor. Cubic yard $1.99 8067 $16,053.33 Mobilization Mobilization, large equipment 1140 Equipment >150HP or typical weights greater than 30,000

### Measuring Sitework & Excavation - KFUPM

measured in cubic yards or cubic meters "bank measure" – If different type of materials will be encountered, each type shall be described and measured separately. – Excavations shall be classified and measured separately in the following categories: Site clearing, Bulk excavation, Basement excavations, Trench excavations, and Pit excavation

### Excavation and embankment (cut and fill)

Excavation and embankment (cut and fill) Excavation = the removal of soil or rock from its natural location. Embankment = the placement and compaction of layers of earth or rock to form a roadbed of the planned shape, density, and profile grade. Various sections of …

### Earthwork: What's a Cubic Yard? | SJ Construction ...

The life of dirt on a construction site is a violent one! Say that we excavated this 3,704 cy hole and trucked the dirt down to one of the goals. Once we finished stockpiling the 3,704 cy of dirt you get out a wheel, a tape measure, or a survey instrument and measure the volume of dirt laying loose in the pile. It measures 4,260 cy, not 3,704 cy.

### Excavation and Backfilling of Soil - Work Sequence and ...

Excavation and backfilling of soil is a very important part of construction process, and care must be taken while excavation in safety perspective. Different soil layers may be encountered while excavation, dewatering may be needed sometimes. These points must be kept in mind to take necessary action during excavation and backfilling.

### CHAPTER 4 - EXCAVATION AND EARTHWORK

(f) In the case of canal excavation, where spoil bank is formed in number of sections, more than one, the quantity in each spoil bank has to be fitted into the canal excavation. The lifts payable will be for the centre of gravity of excavated portion to the centre of gravity of the corresponding spoil bank …

### How to Calculate Cut and Fill for Earthworks Projects ...

Sep 06, 2017· The cut or fill depth for each cell is found by subtracting the average existing level of the cell from the average proposed level. If the resultant depth is positive then this is a fill cell, while a negative value indicates a cut cell. In either case, the volume is calculated by multiplying the cut or fill depth by the area of the grid cell.

### Excavation Material Removal Calculator

The change from bank to loose volume is the swell of the excavated material The change from bank to compacted is the shrink of the excavated material Bank-----Swell-----Loose Bank-----Shrink-----Compacted If you need to remove the excavated material it would help to know the swell percentage for the soil you are excavating.

### Solved: 1. Calculate The Volume Of Excavation In Bank Meas ...

1. Calculate the volume of excavation in bank measure required for the basement shown in Figure 2-7. Excavation depths are in feet (meters). 8.2 2.50) 6.6 (2.01) 28.0 (8.54 m) 45.0' (13.7 m) 6.9 (2.10) 6.0 ↓7.4 (2.26) 6.8 (2.07) 26.0' (7.93 m) 24.0 (7.32 m)

### A Guide to OSHA Excavations Standard

The house foundation/basement excavation is less than 71/ 2 feet (2.5 meters) deep or is benched for at least 2 feet (0.61 meters) horizontally for every 5 feet (1.52 meters) or less of vertical height. The minimum horizontal width (excavation face to formwork/wall) at the bottom of the excavation …

### 1. Earthmoving Materials and Operations

• Excavating or Grading Relatively Large Areas Estimating Earthwork Volume 1 - ٣٣ • Pit Excavation: –Volume = Horizontal Area of Excavation x Average Depth of Excavation Example 2-6: Estimate the volume of excavation required (bank measure) for the basement shown below 2.5 m= depth at this corner 1.8 m 2.3 m 1.8 m 7.63 m 9.15 m

### Calculate Cubic Yards - Backwoods Excavating

First, all units of measure must be converted to feet. If you are measuring in both feet and inches, convert the inches using this formula: Inches ÷ 12 (Example: 6 inches ÷ 12 = 0.5 feet) Calculate Cubic Yards Of Topsoil To Order. STEP 1: Measure length and width of area to be covered and multiply these numbers together.

### FUNDAMENTALS – UNITS OF MEASUREMENT

BCM - Bank Cubic Metres CCM – Compacted Cubic Metres LCM: The best way to visualize LCM is to picture soil in the back of a truck or, even better, in the conical stockpile at the end of a stacker conveyor. This is the idealized version of LCM. As we proceed with this discussion, you will

### Below is a figure from the R/S/ Means Building | Chegg.com

Answer to Below is a figure from the R/S/ Means Building. Transcribed image text: DAILY LABOR 2001 BARE COSTS 31 23 16.42 Excavating, Bulk Bank Measure 0010 | EXCAVATING, BULK BANK MEASURE 。 |( : :m, R31 2316401 00Comoned 0020For loing nto ruds, acd 0050.1 For mobil zoon nd mobili, se Dr01 5436.50, : R31231645 0100 For hauling, see Dwv. 31 23 23.20 0200 Excneto, …

### Useful Earthworks Bulking Calculator & Guide | THS Concepts

A Brief Introduction to Bulking Factors. To use a bulking factor number you have to multiply the bulking factor number by the excavated volume size. For instance, a bulking factor for Clay and Gravel is typically 1.15. If your excavation was 15 m3. Your volume size would be 1.15 x 15 = 17.25 m3. You must consider the bulking factor of the ...

### Swell Factors for Various Soils - ProjectEngineer

Sep 26, 2013· Swell Factors for Various Soils. A cubic yard of earth measured in its natural position swells to more than a cubic yard after it is excavated. This occurs because of an increase in voids. Swell is expressed as a percentage of natural volume, for example, if 10 yd 3 in the ground becomes 13 yd 3 after excavation, the swell factor is 30%.